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Увеличение сроков весенней охоты признано возможным

. Фото: Семина Михаила
» title=»При всем богатстве разнообразия природно-климатических и исторических особенностей нашей Родины утки приобрели существенные зоогеографические отличия в форме тела и окрасе оперения. Фото: Семина Михаила
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При всем богатстве разнообразия природно-климатических и исторических особенностей нашей Родины утки приобрели существенные зоогеографические отличия в форме тела и окрасе оперения. Фото: Семина Михаила

На заседании присутствовали руководители клубов подсадных уток из Московской и Тульской областей, один из зачинателей объединения заводчиков подсадных и шеф-редактор «Российской охотничьей газеты» С.Ю. Фокин; опытные охотники и заводчики подсадных: А.В. Мананников (Московская обл.), А.В. Андреев и В.Н. Черкасов (Тульская обл.).

Большую заинтересованность к общественным инициативам в охотничьей среде вновь проявило ФГБУ «Центрохотконтроль», представленное на заседании зав. отделом научных исследований, кандидатом биологических наук А.В. Солохой.

Открыл заседание В.М. Кирьякулов, первый заместитель президента Росохотрыболовсоюза, председатель правления МСОО «Московское ООиР», кстати, заводчик подсадных липецких и тульских линий.
Наиболее активно обсуждался вопрос, посвященный породе подсадная утка.

На майском заседании президентом КЛОСПИМП В.А. Лобановым было высказано интересное предположение о китайском происхождении русских подсадных уток. Однако научно-практическая конференция, проведенная в Туле с участием студентов из разных природно-климатических провинций Китая, пока не подтвердила эти выводы.

Само возникновение такой охоты, основанной на весеннем брачном поведении утки, в период зимовок сибирских утиных стай в Китае маловероятно. В состояние беспокойства весной утки переходят из-за увеличения светового дня, изменяющего работу гипофиза и активизирующего гонады. Осенью же и зимой у птиц, по мере сокращения долготы дня, возникает угнетение функции гонад и манного поведения соответственно.

В редакции «МК» прошел круглый стол, посвященный актуальным проблемам охраны дикой природы и использования биологических наук. В обсуждении приняли участие известные научные и общественно-политические деятели. 

Среди участников уже не возникло разногласий о происхождении подсадной утки из мест обитания вятичей в верховьях Окско-Донского междуречья на территориях, занимаемых ныне Тульской, Калужской, Орловской и Южной частью Московской областей.

Археологические, этнографические и письменные источники подтверждают версию происхождения подсадных на стыке взаимодействия балтских, финно-угорских и славянских культур, в чьих верованиях утке отводилась существенная роль.

Первые письменные упоминания (1779 г.) относятся к уездному г. Белёву современной Тульской области. Выведение породы явилось результатом одомашнивания дикой кряквы и последующим отбором преимущественно по голосовым качествам в процессе народной селекции.

Выйдя из этого материнского гнезда, подсадная утка широко распространилась по территории России и стала уникальным селекционным достижением и поистине национальной породой нашей страны.

При всем богатстве разнообразия природно-климатических и исторических особенностей нашей Родины утки приобрели существенные зоогеографические отличия в форме тела и окрасе оперения. Описанные разными авторами тульские, семеновские, чубарые (осиновки), серебрянки, изумрудки рабочая группа считает цветовыми вариациями (морфами) общей породы или, проще говоря, местными линиями, разводимыми заводчиками.
В связи с вышеизложенным, рабочая группа считает целесообразным принять название породы «Русская подсадная утка» (РПУ).

Другим вопросом, рассмотренным на заседании рабочей группы, стало положение дел с продлением сроков весенней охоты. Ходатайствовать об увеличении сроков с целью сохранения охоты с подсадной как исторического и культурного наследия народов России только для владельцев подсадных уток признано возможным.

Реализовать эту возможность можно будет только после введения стандарта и правил регистрации уток по типу регистрации охотничьих собак. Иначе любое крякающее создание вплоть до индоуток будет претендовать на звание «подсадная».

Рассмотрев и обсудив вопросы стандартизации, опыт В.М. Кирьякулова о регистрации пород охотничьих собак и сообщение сопредседателя Клуба любителей русской подсадной утки (КЛРПУ) А.В. Кулишова о наработках по стандарту подсадных, РГ поручила КЛРПУ доработать и представить охотничьей общественности проекты стандарта РПУ, регистрационных и иных необходимых документов.

А.В. Солоха информировал собравшихся о трудном прохождении новых поправок в Правила охоты. Одной из поправок, в частности, является возврат к cроку 16 дней весенней охоты.

 

Увеличение сроков охоты с подсадной признано возможным. Реализовать эту возможность можно будет только после введения стандарта и правил регистрации уток по типу регистрации охотничьих собак. Фото: Игнатова Валентина

Проделав большую работу, ФГБУ «Центрохотконтроль», в соответствии с законодательством РФ, вынесло новую редакцию Правил на всенародное обсуждение на Федеральном портале проектов нормативных правовых актов: http://regulation.gov.ru/projects.

Первыми отреагировали гринписовцы. За две недели пребывания данного документа на портале они собрали 30 000 подписей против новых Правил. Активность охотников ограничилась лишь 20(!) обращениями «за».

Вполне естественно, что Министерство природных ресурсов и экологии РФ вернуло Правила на доработку.

Конечно, сказались малая информированность охотников о продвижении поправок в Правила и их опубликование в период охотничьего сезона.

При такой активности охотничьего сообщества и практическом отсутствии сопротивления «зеленым» радикалам мы утратим не только весеннюю охоту как таковую, но и охоту вообще! Надо прислушаться к словам В.В. Путина, сказанным на пресс-конференции 23 декабря 2016 года: «…от злоупотреблений вопросами экологии никто не гарантирован».

Участники совещания просили сотрудников ФГБУ «Центрохотконтроль» дать информацию в «РОГ» и Росохотрыболовсоюз о сроках нового обсуждения Правил на портале, которое планируется провести в январе — феврале 2017 года.

Также со страниц «РОГ» мы обращаемся к охотникам страны: «Поддержите обсуждение новых Правил! Не дайте гринписовцам шанса сначала ограничить, а затем и лишить нас весенней охоты как уникального явления отечественной культуры!»

В заключение от членов КЛРПУ прошу выразить благодарность Росохотрыболовсоюзу, «Российской Охотничьей Газете» и ФГБУ «Центрохотконтроль» за содействие в признании охоты с подсадными утками важным элементом культурного наследия народов Российской Федерации и совместную работу по созданию благоприятных условий для сохранения этого уникального явления на благо потомкам.

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