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Укладка снаряжения в рюкзак

 

Рюкзак должен быть уложен так, чтобы он стал как бы частью тела туриста и способствовал сохранению хорошей осанки.

Рюкзак, имеющий форму шара или огурца, обязательно натрет спину. Нижняя часть рюкзака должна быть вогнутой, повторяя форму поясницы, и плотно к ней прилегать . К спине рюкзак должен присло­ няться, а не давить на нее.

Наилучшим способом это требование соб­ людается при применении станковых рюкзаков. В обычных рюкзаках к спине кладут мягкие вещи и регулируют длину лямок. Существенно улучшает форму рюкзака самодельный внутренний каркас из пено­ пластового коврика.

Общее правило при укладке снаряжения в рюкзак без станка: тяжелое — вниз, мягкое — к спине, объемные и хрупкие вещи — наверх, предметы первой необходимости — в карманы. Недопустимо, чтобы на ходу в рюкзаке гремели и бренчали плохо уложенные предметы.

 

фото: Сёмина Михаила

Нежелательно располагать крупные предметы на рюкзаке или при­ вязывать их снизу. Однако, когда вещей много или мал рюкзак, так приходится переносить палатку, спальный мешок и т. п. В этом случае предметы (предварительно завернутые в непромокаемый материал) надо возможно плотнее притянуть веревкой к рюкзаку, чтобы они бли­ же прилегали к спине или пояснице туриста.

Не следует привязывать вещи, например ведра или обувь, сзади рюкзака, а также загружать задний карман такими предметами, как топор, консервные банки.

Укладка должна гарантировать устойчивое равновесие рюкзака на спине. Поэтому особенно плотно следует заполнить его нижние уг­лы и предварительной упаковкой вещей в «блоки» (бумагой, картоном, я мешочки) исключить их перемещение в рюкзаке под влиянием толч­ ков или тряски. Такая упаковка позволяет и быстрее доставать из рюкзака нужные вещи.

 Для легко бьющихся предметов надо сделать специальные защит­ ные чехлы. Так, термометр для измерения температуры воздуха можно переносить в рюкзаке в металлической трубке диаметром около 2 см с поролоновыми прокладками.

Термос предварительно оберните мягкими вещами, фотоаппарат можно убрать в котелок или завернуть в мягкое и положить ближе к клапану рюкзака. Наиболее удароопасные’ места рюкзака — у дна и наружные карманы. Ничего бьющегося класть туда нельзя.

В карманы рюкзака, а также под клапан рюкзака кладут вещи, которые могут потребоваться в первую очередь: накидку на случай внезапного дождя, спички, костровую растопку, кружку, ложку и т. п.

Чтобы лекарства в аптечке или другие жидкости не проливались, на горлышки пузырьков рекомендуется надевать резиновые соски илч напалечники.

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